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It is used in the Ketubah, or marriage contracts, as well as items that dress the Torah such as pointers, and the Passover Haggadah.
The use of the hand as images both in and out of the synagogue suggests the importance and relevance that the Jewish people associated with the hamsa.
Around the time of the Byzantine period, artists would depict God's hand reaching from up above.
It says that the sun and moon are the eyes of Horus.
However, the hamsa has been present in Judaism dating all the way back to Biblical times, where it is referenced in Deuteronomy , stated in the Ten Commandments as the "strong hand" of God who led the Jews out of Egypt.
The hamsa is later seen in Jewish art as God's hand reaching down from heaven during the times of late antiquity, the Byzantine period, and even medieval Europe.
Similar to the Western use of the phrase "knock on wood" or "touch wood", a common expression in Israel is "Hamsa, Hamsa, Hamsa, tfu, tfu, tfu", the sound for spitting, supposedly to spit out bad luck.
At the Mimouna, a North African Jewish celebration held after Passover, tables are laid with various symbols of luck and fertility, with an emphasis on the number "5", such as five pieces of gold jewelry or five beans arranged on a leaf of pastry.